The rules of darts are quite simple to follow and players should familiarise themselves with the rules end etiquette of the game. The Cyprus Darts Federation expects all players to be familiar with darts rules and to play matches or games in a sporting manner.
THE BASICS OF DARTS IN 7 EASY STEPS
STEP 1: KNOW THE DARTBOARD.
Figure 1: A standard dartboard
Figure 2: The official WDF Dartboard setup.
STEP 3: SELECTING A SET OF DARTS:
You should not rush into buying a set of darts. The weight and shape of darts varies enormously, as do the shapes of the flights. We recommend that you try as many different types of darts and flights as possible before making a purchase. After a while you will soon become aware that each different type of dart behaves differently when YOU throw it. Take your time, find a set that you feel comfortable with BEFORE you buy.
STEP 4: DARTS TERMINOLOGY:
Here is a brief glossary of some of the common and most used terms and phrases used in darts:
"Game on": Advises all players that the match has now started.
"Ochie" (pronounced "okkey") : The name of the throwing line.
"Leg shot": Signifies that a player has completed (Won) the "leg"
"Game shot": Signifies that the match winning double has been hit.
"Bust": Means a player has scored more than the score required.
"Double in": A double is required before scoring can commence.
"Straight start": No double required to start.
"Ton": Means a score of 100 points or more.
"Tonforty": Means a score of 140 points or more.
"Toneighty" or "Maximum": Means a score of 180 points.
STEP 5: THE BASICS OF A GAME OF DARTS.
A game of darts always starts, and ends, with a handshake.
A game of darts can be played in played in several forms. The most common forms are: One player against another which is known as "Singles" or teams of two players per team which is known as "Doubles" or "Pairs". A game of darts is played over an agreed number of sections which are known as "legs". The number of "legs" in a game is always an odd number usually 1, 3, 5, or 7 "legs". Matches are played as (for example) "Best of 5 "legs". This means that the first player or team to win 3 "legs" win the match.
Players throw alternately in "Singles" matches. In "Doubles" or "Pairs" matches each "Pair" throws alternately with each player in the respective "Pair" also throwing alternately. A "Throw" consists of "3" darts. If a player completes the "Leg" or the match in less than three darts the remaining dart or darts are not thrown.
Matches usually start from 501 in competition darts but other common starts are 301, 401, 701, and even 1001. Sometimes darts matches are played where a "double" is required to start each "Leg" of the match. However, the most common form of play is "straight start" which means that players/teams can begin to score points immediately with the first dart thrown.
Both teams start on the agreed starting number and the object is to score down to zero as quickly as possible. The value of the different sectors of the dartboard can be seen in Fig 1. above. Each section or "leg" of the match must be finished with a "double", this means the outer scoring ring. For example as one approaches the end of a "leg" a player or team may have 40 points left to score.
This means Double 20 is required and to end the "Leg" a dart must be thrown into the "double" section of the "20" sector. Should the thrower miss "double" 20 and hit (for example) a single 1, the the thrower would require 39 to win the "leg" where a single 7 then "double" 16 could be an option. Another example could be the player or team require 51 points. Then there would be several alternatives to end the "leg".
The usual route would be either a single 11 and then "double" 20, or perhaps a single 19 and then "double" 16. The first player or team to hit the required "double" wins the "leg". A new leg is then started and the procedure repeated until one of the players or teams has won the required number of "legs" to win the match.
STEP 6: HOW TO KEEP SCORE.
The scoreboard starts as a blank sheet of paper which is usually hung on the wall about 50 cm or 1.5 feet to the left of the dartboard and at about the same height as the dartboard itself. The sequence below shows how a game is scored and how the scorecard takes form. The score shown in red is the last score thrown.
Scorecard:
View 1

Scorecard:
View 2

Scorecard:
View 3

Scorecard:
View 4

Player A: First Throw 
Player B: First Throw 
Player A: Second Throw 
Player B: Second Throw 
Player A 
Player B 
Player A 
Player B 
Player A 
Player B 
Player A 
Player B 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
85 
416 


85 
416 
100 
401 
85 
416 
100 
401 
85 
416 
100 
401 








140 
276 


140 
276 
95 
306 
Scorecard:
View 5

Scorecard:
View 6

Scorecard:
View 7

Scorecard:
View 8

Player A:
Third Throw

Player B:
Third Throw

Player A:
Fourth Throw

Player B:
Fourth Throw

Player A 
Player B 
Player A 
Player B 
Player A 
Player B 
Player A 
Player B 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 
85 
416 
100 
401 
85 
416 
100 
401 
85 
416 
100 
401 
85 
416 
100 
401 
140 
276 
95 
306 
140 
276 
95 
306 
140 
276 
95 
306 
140 
276 
95 
306 
140 
136 


140 
136 
81 
225 
140 
136 
81 
225 
140 
136 
81 
225 








96 
40 


96 
40 
123 
102 
Scorecard: View 9 



Player A:
Fifth Throw




Player A 
Player B 
Player "A" has won the first "leg" using a total of 15 darts. 




Score 
Rest 
Score 
Rest 








85 
416 
100 
401 








140 
276 
95 
306 








140 
136 
81 
225 








96 
40 
123 
102 












40 
0 














3 darts used












STEP 7: LEARN THE RULES PROPERLY
This has been a very simplified introduction into the game of Darts. Your next step should be a look at the the complete rules for Tournament Darts. Here you will find all you need to know about the rules of darts. The rules can be found in the main menu on the opening page of this website.
ADDITIONAL INFO: LEARN HOW TO FINISH
Once you have got the hang of things its time to start learning how to finish your "legs" and matches in the quickest possible way. There are many, many ways to "finish". The tables below show you the target numbers you should be aiming at.
Scores which can be obtained using 2 darts
"T" = Treble "D" = Double
Score

1st
Dart

2nd
Dart

110 
T20 
Bull 
107 
T19 
Bull 
104 
T18 
Bull 
101 
T17 
Bull 
100 
T20 
D20 
98 
T20 
D19 
97 
T19 
D20 
96 
T20 
D18 
95 
T19 
D19 
94 
T18 
D20 
93 
T19 
D18 
92 
T20 
D16 
91 
T17 
D20 
90 
T18 
D18 
89 
T19 
D16 
88 
T16 
D20 
87 
T17 
D18 
86 
T18 
D16 
85 
T15 
D20 
84 
T20 
D12 
83 
T17 
D16 

Score

1st
Dart

2nd
Dart

82 
T14 
D20 
81 
T15 
D18 
80 
T16 
D16 
79 
T17 
D14 
78 
T18 
D12 
77 
T19 
D10 
76 
T20 
D8 
75 
T15 
D15 
74 
T14 
D16 
73 
T19 
D8 
72 
T16 
D12 
71 
T13 
D16 
70 
T10 
D20 
69 
T19 
D6 
68 
T20 
D4 
67 
T17 
D8 
66 
T10 
D18 
65 
25 
D20 
64 
T16 
D8 
63 
T17 
D6 
62 
T10 
D16 

Score

1st
Dart

2nd
Dart

61 
25 
D18 
60 
20 
D20 
59 
19 
D20 
58 
18 
D20 
57 
17 
D20 
56 
16 
D20 
55 
15 
D20 
54 
18 
D18 
53 
13 
D20 
52 
20 
D16 
51 
19 
D16 
50 
18 
D16 
49 
17 
D16 
48 
16 
D16 
47 
15 
D16 
46 
14 
D16 
45 
13 
D16 
44 
12 
D16 
43 
11 
D16 
42 
10 
D16 
41 
9 
D16 

Scores which can be obtained using all 3 darts
"T" = Treble "D" = Double

1st dart 
2nd dart 
3rd dart 


1st dart 
2nd dart 
3rd dart 


1st dart 
2nd dart 
3rd dart 
170 
T20 
T20 
Bull 

141 
T20 
T15 
D18 

119 
T19 
T10 
D16 
167 
T19 
T20 
Bull 

140 
T20 
T16 
D16 

118 
T18 
T16 
D8 
164 
T20 
T18 
Bull 

139 
T19 
T14 
D20 

117 
T19 
20 
D20 
161 
T17 
T20 
Bull 

138 
T20 
T18 
D12 

116 
T20 
20 
D18 
160 
T20 
T20 
D20 

137 
T19 
T16 
D16 

115 
T19 
18 
D20 
158 
T20 
T20 
D19 

136 
T20 
T20 
D8 

114 
T20 
18 
D18 
157 
T19 
T20 
D20 

135 
T20 
T15 
D15 

113 
T19 
16 
D20 
156 
T20 
T20 
D18 

134 
T20 
T14 
D16 

112 
T20 
20 
D16 
155 
T20 
T19 
D19 

133 
T20 
T19 
D8 

111 
T17 
20 
D20 
154 
T18 
T20 
D20 

132 
T20 
T16 
D12 

100 
T20 
18 
D16 
153 
T20 
T19 
D18 

131 
T20 
T13 
D16 

109 
T19 
20 
D16 
152 
T20 
T20 
D16 

130 
T20 
20 
Bull 

108 
T20 
16 
D16 
151 
T17 
T20 
D20 

129 
T19 
T16 
D12 

107 
T19 
18 
D16 
150 
T20 
T18 
D18 

128 
T20 
T20 
D4 

106 
T20 
14 
D16 
149 
T19 
T20 
D16 

127 
T20 
T17 
D8 

105 
T19 
16 
D16 
148 
T16 
T20 
D20 

126 
T19 
19 
Bull 

104 
T18 
18 
D16 
147 
T20 
T17 
D18 

125 
T20 
25 
D20 

103 
T17 
20 
D16 
146 
T20 
T18 
D16 

124 
T20 
T16 
D8 

102 
T20 
10 
D16 
145 
T20 
T15 
D20 

123 
T19 
T10 
D18 

101 
T17 
18 
D16 
144 
T20 
T20 
D12 

122 
T18 
T20 
D4 

100 
25 
25 
Bull 
143 
T20 
T17 
D16 

121 
T17 
T18 
D8 

99 
T19 
10 
2x16 
142 
T20 
T14 
D20 

120 
T20 
20 
D20 

99 
Bull 
17 
D16 